Impact Assessment

QRS has Impact assessment as one of its speciality field. Having done a number of Impact assessment studies, QRS understands this field in its broadest sense. Through a process of identifying the anticipated or actual impacts of a development intervention, on those social, economic and environmental factors which the intervention is designed to affect or may inadvertently affect, QRS forecasts potential impacts as part of the planning, design and approval of an intervention to provide information for improving the design of future interventions.

QRS has capacity to do two separate but interlinked levels of Impact assessment. These two distinct levels are:

I. Internal monitoring and evaluation

II. External impact assessment

QRS understands that not every impact assessment is the same therefore we design instruments and frameworks tailor made to suit the type of intervention, and the aims and cost-effectiveness of the overall impact assessment package.

Our impact assessment may include any or all of:

Quantitative Statistical Methods

Involving baseline studies, the precise identification of baseline conditions, definition of objectives, target setting, rigorous performance evaluation and outcome measurement. Such methods can be costly, limited in the types of impacts which can be accurately measured, and may pose difficulties for inference of cause and effect. Some degree of quantification may be necessary in all impact assessments, in order to evaluate the success of the intervention and the magnitude of any adverse effects.

Qualitative Methods

Suitable for investigating more complex and/or sensitive types of social impacts,e.g. intra-household processes, policy issues and investigation of reasons for statistical relationships and policy implications. These methods generally require high levels of skill, and may be relatively costly. Some degree of qualitative interpretation may be necessary in all impact assessments, in order to evaluate the causes of impacts which have been observed.

Participatory Approaches

Suitable for initial definition or refinement of the actual/potential impacts which are of concern to stakeholders, questions to be asked, and appropriate frameworks and indicators to be used. Such approaches can contribute to all types of assessment, and are particularly suited to exploratory low budget assessments and initial investigation of possible reasons for observed statistical relationships. They offer a means of involving stakeholders in the research, learning and decision-making processes. These methodologies also require a certain level of skill, depending on the issues to be addressed and ways in which they are integrated with other methods. Some degree of stakeholder participation is likely to be necessary in all impact assessments, in order to achieve a good understanding of stakeholder perceptions of impacts.

With our mix of techniques, QRS always adheres to:

  • transparency and accountability
  • stakeholder involvement
  • reliability of the information obtained
  • reliability of inference for policy improvement
  • cost and skill requirements


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